Welcome to Department of Chemistry


The Department of Chemistry endeavors to be a nationally-recognized model for educating and graduating students prepared to compete in and contribute to the ever-changing, technology-centered world of the 21st century. To achieve this vision the department is committed to providing a course of study for undergraduates in the chemical sciences which combines curriculum, scholarship and service/engagement opportunities that are high-quality, innovative and intellectually challenging and employ state-of-the-art technologies.

The mission of Bangalore Technological Institute Department of Chemistry is to advance the chemical sciences through the education of undergraduate students by providing them with quality classroom, research and service opportunities. With a high standard for excellence in all three areas the department will produce students who are knowledgeable in chemistry and can think critically.

In support of our mission the Chemistry Department faculty members strive to:

Act as mentors to undergraduates through advising them in research.
Teach students the value of cross-disciplinary thinking by providing them with educational and research opportunities between chemistry and other fields of study.
Promote innovative curriculum development while exposing students to advanced instrumentation and technology.
Foster multi-disciplinary curriculum development to provide students with a breadth of course options in Forensic Chemistry, Biochemistry, Natural Product Chemistry, Environmental Science, Polymer Science and Chemical Education.
Encourage community engagement by providing students with service-learning and community-based research opportunities.
Serve as good role models to students for safe and ethical professional behavior.
Provide high quality academic advising for all majors.
Encourage students to value diversity and to develop a global perspective through international experiences in chemistry.

Curriculum - Syllabus

Introduction, Derivation of Nernst equation for electrode potential. Reference electrodes: Introduction, construction, working and applications of calomel and Ag / AgCl electrodes. Measurement of electrode potential using calomel electrode. Ion selective electrode: Introduction; Construction and working of glass electrode, determination of pH using glass electrode. Concentration cells: Electrolyte concentration cells, numerical problems. Battery Technology: Introduction, classification - primary, secondary and reserve batteries. Characteristics - cell potential, current, capacity, electricity storage density, energy efficiency, cycle
life and shelf life. Construction, working and applications of ZincAir, Nickel- metal hydride batteries. Lithium batteries: Introduction, construction, working and applications of Li-MnO2 and Li-ion batteries. Fuel Cells: Introduction, difference between conventional cell and fuel cell, limitations & advantages. Construction, working & applications of methanol-oxygen fuel cell with H2SO4 electrolyte.
Corrosion: Introduction, electrochemical theory of corrosion, galvanic series. Factors affecting the rate of corrosion: ratio of anodic to cathodic areas, nature of metal, nature of corrosion product, nature of medium – pH, conductivity, and temperature. Types of corrosion- Differential metal, differential aeration (Pitting and water line) and stress. Corrosion control: Inorganic coatingsAnodizing of Al and phosphating; Metal coatings-Galvanization and Tinning. Cathodic protection (sacrificial anodic and impressed current methods). Metal Finishing: Introduction, Technological importance. Electroplating: Introduction, principles governing-Polarization, decomposition potential and overvoltage. Factors influencing the nature of electro deposit-current density, concentration of metal ion & electrolyte; pH, temperature & throwing power of plating bath; additives- brighteners, levellers, structure modifiers & wetting agents. Electroplating of Nickel (Watt’s Bath) and Chromium(decorative and hard). Electro less plating: Introduction, distinction between electroplating and electro less plating, electro less plating of copper & manufacture of double sided Printed Circuit Board with copper.
Fuels: Introduction, classification, calorific value- gross and net calorific values, determination of calorific value of fuel using bomb calorimeter, numerical problems. Cracking: Introduction, fluidized catalytic cracking, synthesis of petrol by Fishcher-Tropsch process, reformation of petrol, octane and cetane numbers. Gasoline and diesel knocking and their mechanism, anti knocking agents, power alcohol & biodiesel. Solar Energy: Introduction, utilization and conversion, photovoltaic cells- construction and working. Design of PV cells: modules, panels & arrays. Advantages & disadvantages of PV cells. Production of solar grade silicon: Union carbide process, purification of silicon (zone refining), doping of silicon-diffusion technique (n&p types).
Introduction, types of polymerization: addition and condensation, mechanism of polymerization- free radical mechanism taking vinyl chloride as an example. Molecular weight of polymers: number average and weight average, numerical problems. Glass transition temperature (Tg): Factors influencing Tg-Flexibility, inter molecular forces, molecular mass, branching & cross linking and stereo regularity. Significance of Tg. Structure property relationship: crystallinity, tensile strength, elasticity & chemical resistivity. Synthesis, properties and applications of PMMA (plexi glass), Polyurethane and polycarbonate. Elastomers: Introduction, synthesis, properties and applications of Silicone rubber. Adhesives: Introduction, synthesis, properties and applications of epoxy resin. Polymer Composites: Introduction, synthesis, properties and applications of Kevlar. Conducting polymers: Introduction, mechanism of conduction in Poly aniline and applications of conducting poly aniline.
Water Technology: Introduction, boiler troubles with disadvantages & prevention methods-scale and sludge formation, priming and foaming, boiler corrosion(due to dissolved O2, CO2 and MgCl2). Determination of DO, BOD and COD, numerical problems on COD. Sewage treatment: Primary, secondary (activated sludge method) and tertiary methods. Softening of water by ion exchange process. Desalination of sea water by reverse osmosis & electro dialysis (ion selective).. Nano Materials: Introduction, properties (size dependent). Synthesis-bottom up approach (sol-gel, precipitation, gas condensation & chemical vapour condensation processes). Nano scale materials- carbon nano tubes, nano wires, fullerenes, dendrimers, nano rods, & nano composites.